Revista chilena de cirugía
On-line version ISSN 0718-4026
GONZALEZ L, Roberto et al. Characterization and immediate results in patients with surgical treatment of intrathoracic goiter. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2012, vol.64, n.5, pp. 426-433. ISSN 0718-4026. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-40262012000500003.
Objectives: To describe characteristics and immediate results of surgical treatment of patients with intrathoracic goiter (ITG). Methods: Retrospective review. Period: October 2003 - March 2010. We describe general characteristics, morbidity and mortality. Results: 33 patients, 23 women, mean age 59.1 ± 14.3 years. Preoperative thyroid function: 32 euthyroid and 1 hyperthyroid. Asymptomatic 10 patients. ITG rate: 31 cervico-mediastinal and 2 mediastinal. Approach: 24 cervicotomy, 7 cervicotomy and sternotomy and 2 sternotomy. Type of resection: 19 total thyroidectomy and 14 subtotal thyroidectomy. Histology: 29 benign and 4 malignant neoplasms. Postoperative stay: median of 4.5 days. Complications in 12 patients: 10 hypo-parathyroidism (9 transient and 1 permanent), 2 dysphonia, 2 cervical hematoma (one redo), 1 wound infection and 1 ventilator associated pneumonia. One patient died (pneumonia). Conclusions: The ITG is more common in women, most are euthyroid and may be asymptomatic. Most can be resected by cervicotomy. The histology is benign in most but may represent malignancies. The surgery is not free of morbidity and mortality.
Keywords : Goiter substernal; intrathoracic goiter; thyroid diseases; mediastinal neoplasms; thoracic surgery.