Revista chilena de cirugía
versión ISSN 0718-4026
IBANEZ R, Mauricio et al. Breast reconstruction with pedicled TRAM flap. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2012, vol.64, n.1, pp. 40-45. ISSN 0718-4026. doi: 10.4067/S0718-40262012000100007.
The pedicle transverse rectus abdominus myocutaneous flap (TRAM) is widely used for breast reconstruction, however is not exempt from complications. Between 2004 and 2010 the authors performed breast reconstruction after total mastectomy in 52 patients with pedicled TRAM flaps. Purpose: To describe the demography, outcomes and complications in patients operated for breast cancer and reconstructed with TRAM flap. To assess the influence of smoking, the laterality and timing of reconstruction. Material and Method: Retrospective, observational and comparative. We reviewed the medical records of 52 patients operated by the authors between 2004 and 2010. Four cases were excluded due to incomplete data. Results: In the 48 patients studied were 50 TRAM flaps. The most frequent comorbidity was smoking (27%). Regarding the timing of reconstruction, 74% (37) was performed immediately post-mastectomy and 26% (13) was deferred. Was used by 78% (39) ipsilateral TRAM, 18% (9) contralateral and 4% (2) bilateral. Only minor complications were observed and the cosmetic result evaluated by the surgeon's satisfaction was very good or excellent in 62% (31). Smoking, timing of reconstruction and laterality did not affect in complications or cosmetic outcome (p > 0.05). Conclusions: The pedicled TRAM flap is an excellent alternative for reconstruction in breast cancer patients. It is not exempt from complications, with a tendency to get better cosmetic results in the non-smoker group.
Palabras clave : Breast cancer; breast reconstruction; TRAM flap; cosmetic outcome; TRAM complications.