Revista chilena de cirugía
On-line version ISSN 0718-4026
JOFRE, MJ et al. 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in patients with pulmonary nodules. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2006, vol.58, n.1, pp. 8-11. ISSN 0718-4026. doi: 10.4067/S0718-40262006000100004.
Background: The diagnosis and staging of pulmonary lesions with positron emission tomography (PET) with 18fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) helps in the selection of the optimal therapy. Aim: To analyze the usefulness of FDG PET in the characterization of pulmonary nodules. Patients and Methods: Fifty eight patients referred for the assessment of a pulmonary nodule or mass (aged 62 ± 7 years, 28 males, 40% smokers), were studied. The imaging study was perfomed in the fasting state injecting 13 mCi of 18FDG. Pre injection blood glucose was 101 ± 5 mg/dl. Whole body images were acquired with visual analysis of coronal, sagittal and trans axial slices and three dimensional images. The standardized uptake value (SUV) was also calculated. Results: Pulmonary lesions were hypermetabolic in 22 patients (38%) and in the rest, there was no evidence of tumor activity. Extrapulmonary lesions were detected in 24% of patients. The size of the nodules ranged from 0.5 to 7 cm. in diameter. Those with positive PET had lesions over 0.8 cm diameter. In 12 of 16 patients with pathological study, the presence of cancer was confirmed. Two patients had false positive images. One had an abscessed Schwanoma and the other, a hamartoma. Two patients with PET images not suspicious of tumor, were operated and the pathology confirmed the absence of cancer. In the rest of patients with a negative study, the clinical follow up has been uneventful. In one patient with multiple hypermetabolic lesions with a pattern suggestive of sarcoidosis, the diagnosis was pathologically confirmed. Conclusions: FDG PET is useful for the characterization of pulmonary lesions and nodules
Keywords : Pulmonary nodules; positron emission tomography PET; lung cancer staging .