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International journal of odontostomatology
versión On-line ISSN 0718-381X
BUSTOS MEDINA, Luis y OYANADER MARTINEZ, Carla. Periodiontal Condition of Fixed Single Prostheses Made at Integral Adult Dental Clinic of the Universidad Mayor in Temuco. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2012, vol.6, n.2, pp.195-200. ISSN 0718-381X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2012000200013.
The aim of this study was to determine the periodontal condition in fixed single prostheses made at Integral Adult Dental Clinic I and II of the Universidad Mayor in Temuco, between the years 2007 and 2009. Seventy-three fixed single prostheses were evaluated by clinical examination, made in 41 patients. Variables were analyzed: age, sex, tooth, year of care, year in which the fixed single prostheses were made, fixed single prostheses material; periodontal parameters evaluated in this study were edema and erythema, bleeding and gingival recession. Edema and erythema's frequency were 81%, bleeding in 77% and gingival recession in 27%. Women presented major problems in periodontal tissues with 85% of edema and erythema and 81% of bleeding. Fixed single prostheses made in 4th year showed 55% of gingival recession and the ones that were made in 5th year showed 17%. In relation to the year of care in which the rehabilitations were made, the fixed single prostheses made in 2007 showed 100% of inflammation, while in the other years (2008 and 2009) the fixed single prostheses showed less damage at gingival level. The most affected teeth according to the location in the mouth were the back ones with 84% of edema and erythema. Regarding material, the fixed single prostheses that showed more edema and erythema problems were the metal-ceramics with 82%. Of the total of the 41 patients observed, the majority was satisfied with their rehabilitation. Finally we can conclude that there was no statistically significant evidence to conclude that there is an association between the variables age, sex, year of care and the variables edema and erythema, bleeding and gingival recession. In contrast, if found statistically significant evidence between the 4th and 5th year/ during the time/ years in which the fixed single prostheses and the gingival recession were made.
Palabras clave : restorations; periodontal and gingival health; all-ceramic; biological complications; metalceramic; single crowns.