International journal of odontostomatology
versión On-line ISSN 0718-381X
BANCALARI S, Loreto y OLIVA M, Patricio. Music Therapy Effect on Stress Levels of Internal Users of the Dental clinic of universidad del desarrollo. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2012, vol.6, n.2, pp. 189-193. ISSN 0718-381X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2012000200012.
Music therapy is a psychotherapy that involves sound and all its components, in order to get different therapeutic states in psychological and psychomotor level of the patient, within which included the reduction in stress levels. The aim was to determine the effect of music therapy applied during the clinical session, concerningstress levels of internal users (students, tutors and dental assistants) of the Dental Clinic of the Universidad del Desarrollo. An intervention study with a population of84 individuals, previously grouped into 3 groups for students, tutors and dental assistants, each of which was divided into intervention group (subject to the application of music therapy) and a group control, to which nothing was applied to them. Implemented the music therapy consisted of the application of relaxation music for a week of clinics. Through an ad hoc survey research, we proceeded to collect data from initial and final stress for that week, for the experimental and control groups. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 17 © ShapiroWilK assessed by normal, non-parametric results showed, was applied the Mann-Whitney test for the 3 groups analyzed. The data obtained show that the change in stress levels between control and experimental group in students, tutors and dental assistants, shows P values less than 0.05 (0.000, 0.015, 0.026 respectively), demonstrating that Music therapy reduces stress levels of internal users. Music therapy applied during the session dental, decreases stress levels of individuals.
Palabras clave : music therapy; stress; internal users.