Revista chilena de derecho
versión On-line ISSN 0718-3437
DIAZ TOLOSA, Regina Ingrid. Reforma de la Justicia Militar chilena a la luz de las consideraciones del fallo Palamara: Sentencia Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos Palamara Iribarne vs. Chile, 22 de noviembre de 2005. Rev. chil. derecho [online]. 2007, vol.34, n.1, pp. 139-151. ISSN 0718-3437. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34372007000100009.
A decision dated November 22nd, 2005 from the Inter-American Human Rights Court, Palamara vs. Chile, condemned Chile to modify the internal regulation related to the penal military jurisdiction. This commentary focuses on the necessary reform topic from three points of view: the material and personal competition of the Military Courts, the structure and composition of the Military Courts, and the judicial fundamental guarantees that meet reduced with the current regulation of the penal military process. The reform to the Military Justice is urgent, because Chile would continue damaging the Human Rights American Convention, which article 2° established that all States Parties undertake to adopt, in accordance with their constitutional processes and the provisions of this Convention, such legislative or other measures as may be necessary to give effect to those rights or freedoms.
Palabras clave : Military Justice; Palamara Case; Human Rights American Convention; Military Courts; Judicial Guarantees.