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Idesia (Arica)

versão On-line ISSN 0718-3429

Resumo

NUNEZ, Emiliano  e  LACOSTE, Pablo. History of the chupalla: typical straw hat of the Chilean peasant. Idesia [online]. 2017, vol.35, n.1, pp.97-106. ISSN 0718-3429.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292017005000017.

We study the historical process of birth and development of the “chupalla”, straw hat typical of the Chilean peasant. The research work has been made from original documents of the National Archive, from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. It is detected that the straw hat began to be used in Chile in the 1740s, and adopted the name of “chupalla” from the 1820s. At first, the “chupallas” were ordinary hats. But the arrival of the hats of pita and “jipijapa” hats (Ecuador), in the second half of the eighteenth century, encouraged the Chilean peasants to also make a line of fine sausages. The process begun at the beginning of the nineteenth century; since that moment they began to coexist the two qualities: ordinary and fine straw hats “chupallas”. For three centuries, the peasants have kept alive this tradition, which has reached the present time

Palavras-chave : straw hats; woven fiber hats; Chilean typical products; cultural heritage.

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