Revista de geografía Norte Grande
version ISSN 0718-3402
ORELLANA, Arturo; ALLARD, Pablo; NESPOLO, Romina and MERCADO, José. Gestión urbana municipal a escala metropolitana: modelos en competencia. Rev. geogr. Norte Gd. [online]. 2012, n.51, pp. 67-80. ISSN 0718-3402. doi: 10.4067/S0718-34022012000100004.
The triggering question that drives the development of this article is: what do we understand by municipal urban management?, that is, in close relation with Chile's metropolitan areas. In order to find a suitable answer to this quesion, we had to work on the methodological construction of some kind of consensus among different areas of interest (public sector, private sector, academic and civil society) to clearly define what municipal urban management is. Once the answer to the previuosly stated question was found, it was determined than inside the metropolitan space there interact three different models of municipal urban management and that due to the absence of a metropolitan government, as it were, each municipality fosters or gets close by to any of these models under a legal framework in an autonomous way. We will name the first model ״Services", where citizens are predominantly clients and the service market acts as an active transformer of the urban space but without any relevant participation of the civil society. The second model will be that of ,,Promoter", where the municipality directly acts upon those decisions concerning private investments, either directly or indirectly, but without any significant role of the population. Last but not least, the third model will be named ,Participative", which aims towards a rather active role of the population acting upon the decision making processes as far as the municipal urban management concerns, highly hindering the market's effect upon it.
Keywords : urban management; metropolitan municipalities; local management; metropolitan government.