Ingeniare. Revista chilena de ingeniería
versión On-line ISSN 0718-3305
RESTREPO CARVAJAL, Alex Humberto y ECHEVERRIA ECHEVERRIA, Félix. CORROSION ANALYSIS IN GAS CONDUCTION DUCTS IN A CLINKER PLANT. Ingeniare. Rev. chil. ing. [online]. 2009, vol.17, n.1, pp. 76-84. ISSN 0718-3305. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-33052009000100008.
The results of a detailed study of the causes of deterioration, observed in metallic ducts in a cement production plant are presented. The analysis started with a careful visual inspection, collecting samples of substrates, corrosion products and process gases. At the same time, measurements of potential, wall thickness and surface temperatures were carried out. For environment aggressiveness evaluation, pollutant (chlorides, sulfates and nitrogen oxides) collectors were installed. The collected samples were analyzed by optic and scanning electron microscopy, EDS spectroscopy, X ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and ionic chromatography. Gases were analyzed in-situ following EPA-2 procedure. The results for the external surfaces indicate an atmospheric aggressiveness C3 according to ISO 9223 standard, showing the influence of high temperature, long humectation periods, particulate matter and mistakes in the selection of the protection system. The products layers at the exterior are uniform, compact and are mainly composed of hematite. Sulfuration and oxidation processes are found inside the ducts; the sulfur attack is localized and generates perforation of the metallic walls. The products found are mostly iron sulfates and Fe2O3. The procedures employed and the results obtained are useful for decision making on maintenance and corrosion protection of this kind of installations.
Palabras clave : Oxidation; atmospheric corrosion; high temperature corrosion; corrosivity evaluation.