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Obras y proyectos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2813


RUIZ-TAGLE, Lissette  y  VILLALOBOS, Felipe. Experimental and numerical study of the displacement and rotation of geogrid reinforced soil under active lateral earth pressure. Obras y Proyectos [online]. 2011, n.9, pp.59-65. ISSN 0718-2813.

An experimental and numerical study is presented related to displacement and rotation of soil with and without geogrid reinforcement under the application of active lateral earth pressure. To this end, the measurement technique PIV has been used, with which digital images are processed to obtain displacement and rotation fields. The experimental earth pressure equipment has a transparent window which allows the recording of soil movements. Through the process and analysis of the measured soil movement, soil areas which yielded and did not yield due to the active earth pressure, were defined. In this form, the position and geometry of the failure surface can be determined and compared with the defined by the plasticity theory of active Rankine states. This comparison is only possible for the case without geogrids since the presence of geogrids change significantly the zone of soil yielding. Geogrids can reduce up to twice the volume of soil yielding due to the active lateral earth pressure. This conclusion related with the soil deformation is in direct relation with the active lateral earth pressure reduction when geogrids are used as reinforced elements. In addition, a numerical analysis using the computational program Plaxis is presented to estimate horizontal displacements. The numerical results estimate reasonably well the horizontal displacements measured in terms of the shape of the soil yielding area. However, they do not reproduce in detail the geometry of the failure surface.

Palabras clave : active earth pressure; plane strain; geogrid; horizontal displacement; rotation; digital images PIV.

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