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Ciencia & trabajo

versão On-line ISSN 0718-2449

Resumo

RODRIGUEZ HERRERA, Carolina et al. Pilot study: Description of global workload, biomechanical factor and perception of mus culoskeletal discomfort in pregnant workers. Cienc Trab. [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.58, pp.1-6. ISSN 0718-2449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-24492017000100001.

It have been detected overload work among women during preg nancy. Often they present a high prevalence on HYPERLINK “https://www.google.cl/search?q=work+related+musculoskeletal+disorder&spell=1&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiw2IS2gePTAhWDD5AKHbK5DcoQvwUIIigA” work related musculoskeletal disorder; however there is little evidence about their progression during the pregnancy's trimester and the association with work load.

Objective:

Describe work load, physical and biomechanical factors, perception of musculoskeletal discomfort (PMSD) in pregnant women.

Materials and methods:

Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study. Sampling by convenience of 80 pregnant women of the Maternal-fetal care unit of the Clinical Hospital of the University of Chile. The sample is described trough the evaluation of workload, physical and biome chanical factors, trouble performing tasks by means of a sheet of collection of information created for this investigation, using ergo nomics methodology.

Results:

The PMSD present a prevalence of 90%, stands out the lower back and hips/buttocks/thigh areas. The forced or maintained postures ware the most prevalent factor. One in six pregnant women referred continuing performing weight manual handling tasks. Most of the women presents high workload.

Main conclusion:

Pregnant women are exposed to high levels of workload determined by mental exigence.

Palavras-chave : PREGNANT WOMAN; WORKLOAD; WOMEN'S WORK; HUMAN ENGINEERING.

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