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Ciencia & trabajo

versão On-line ISSN 0718-2449

Resumo

PEREZ-MONTOYA, Sergio Alfredo. ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM PROPOSAL FOR WORKERS EXPOSED TO CHEMICAL AGENTS IN COPPER SMELTERS IN CHILE. Cienc Trab. [online]. 2016, vol.18, n.57, pp.183-189. ISSN 0718-2449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-24492016000300183.

This work aims to propose an environmental and health surveillance program for workers exposed to chemical agents in copper foundry. The methodology was based on a bibliographical review in English and Spanish, directed manual search and expert judgment through unstructured qualitative interviews. The search process was divided into two stages; the first one aimed answering two questions related to the state of the art of preventive exposure programs, and the second, related to reference search aimed at environmental monitoring and health at work.

Scientific articles were selected, where protocols, norms, standards and documents from various organizations for environmental and health surveillance were identified, from which a new manual search was conducted, supported by the guidelines indicated by experts from the areas of Hygiene And Occupational Health that collaborated in the design of the program.

As a result, the most important points were the identification, evaluation and control of agents in contact with workers such as As, Hg, Pb, SO2, SiO2, Cd, Cr, Zn and Cu; Proposal of risk and exposure levels based on the presence and contact of pollutants; the levels of action for environmental and health surveillance were determined at levels 1 to 5; And finally the medical examinations and their periodicity.

Palavras-chave : HEALTH SURVEILLANCE; ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING; CHEMICAL AGENTS; COPPER CASTING; INHALABLE..

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