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Ciencia & trabajo

versão On-line ISSN 0718-2449

Resumo

GOMEZ GARCIA, Antonio Ramón et al. NOTIFICATION OF OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS AND POSSIBLE OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES IN ECUADOR, 2010-2015. Cienc Trab. [online]. 2016, vol.18, n.57, pp.166-172. ISSN 0718-2449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-24492016000300166.

Objective:

To describe the evolution of reports of occupational accidents and possible occupational diseases in Ecuador for the period from 2010 to 2015.

Materials and Methods:

Descriptive study from secondary sources reported to the General Occupational Risk Insurance of the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute; Absolute (n) and relative frequencies (%) are used, as well as the calculation of the incidence rate in relation to the variables of interest.

Results:

There is a considerable increase in the number of cases reported due to occupational accidents and possible occupational diseases; The incidence rate for accidents increased from 381.2 in 2010 to 775.0 in 2015; Likewise, for cases of diseases from 6.0 in 2010 to 28.4 in 2015.

Conclusions:

The increase of records of occupational accidents and possible occupational diseases to the General Insurance of Occupational Risks could be due to the regulations on the obligation of notification that became effective in 2010 and 2011. However, it is evident the lack of implantation Of preventive measures in the work centers, what supposes to consider a new reformulation of the national policies in security and health in the work.

Palavras-chave : NOTIFICATION OF WORK ACCIDENTS; OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES; OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH.

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