versión On-line ISSN 0718-2376
GODOY CATALAN, Lorena; DIAZ BERR, Ximena y MAURO CARDARELLI, Amalia. IMÁGENES SOBRE EL TRABAJO FEMENINO EN CHILE, 1880-2000. Universum [online]. 2009, vol.24, n.2, pp. 74-93. ISSN 0718-2376. doi: 10.4067/S0718-23762009000200005.
This article revisits some of the key debates on womens employment in 20th-century Chile and reviews the range of views extant on the status of women in the labor market and their domestic and caregiving roles. Through much of the early part of the century, the prevailing view regarded womens employment, especially that of poor women, as threatening reproductive capacity. Midway through the century, new voices began to challenge the perceived clash between gainful employment and motherhood by attaching more positive meaning to employment as a chance for womens personal and professional growth. Through the past few decades, the rising diversification and professionalization of womens labor set the stage for increasingly affirmative views linking womens employment to improved opportunities for personal and professional growth, financial independence, and poverty reduction. The debate over womens employment is a prime locus for an examination of the status of women, the division of productive and reproductive labor in each time period, and the role of labor in forging gender identities.
Palabras clave : Labor; Gender; Women; History.