versión On-line ISSN 0718-2376
VOLEK, Emil. José Martí, Nuestra (Macondo) América. Universum [online]. 2007, vol.22, n.1, pp. 300-317. ISSN 0718-2376. doi: 10.4067/S0718-23762007000100019.
This article focuses on the intellectual transcendence and heritage of José Martí (1853-1895) within the contexts of the stymied modernization of Spanish America in the 20th century and within its diverse conceptualizations and justifications (cultural identity concerns as reflected in magic realism and in macondismo-stemming from García Márquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude, 1967-, Martí's failed prophecies, and diverse postmodern tenets). Martí's "foundational" essay "Nuestra América" (Our America) is discussed from this perspective. Skirting the usual patriotic readings, the article points out the latent violence and quasi-totalitarian aspects of Martí's discourse, his Realpolitik, his utopian voluntarism, bipolar shifts and contradictions, stirring yet vacuous imagination, a mythic-metaphoric solution to the identity conundrum, undercutting his essay's purported mission. "Nuestra America" emerges as one of the paradigmatic text of the romantic, basically conservative and antimodern, stance that Spanish American thought adopted towards the end of the 19th century, stance that reached its full figure in macondism
Palabras clave : José Martí; Nuestra América; Our America; Magic realism; Macondo; Macondism; Spanish America and the U.S; Modernization.