versión On-line ISSN 0718-2376
RODRIGO ESTEVAN, María Luz. Claves de la expansión vitivinícola en el período medieval hispano: Aragón, siglos XII-XV. Universum [online]. 2007, vol.22, n.1, pp. 72-93. ISSN 0718-2376. doi: 10.4067/S0718-23762007000100006.
The viticulture production acquires importance within the geographic framework of Aragon (North East of Spain) from the 11th century, due to the establishment of the new political, social, economic and religious order in the spaces controlled and dominated by Islam until that century. During the period of military advances and consolidation of borders (11th-13th centuries), the vineyard was the great bet in the economic and social colonization of the territory and in the creation of new agricultural spaces in a geographic area -the kingdom of Aragón- in which the climate, the relief and the ground were an obstacle to repopulation and to the expansion of new crops and resources. General laws, local norms and legal formulae relative to earth property and soil explotation fomented the cultivation of the grapevine and facilitated the generalized possession of vines among the rural population. From the 13th century onwards the development of the cities and the need for wine supplies as a nourishing staple product gave a definitive impulse to the culture of the vineyard in the suburban areas. In this way, in the medieval Aragón there was a transition from a self-supplying culture integrated in a system of agricultural expansion to an intensive grapevine monoculture in the most productive lands, close to consumption and distribution markets
Palabras clave : Middle Age; Aragon; Spain; Viticulture Expansion; Viticulture history.