versión On-line ISSN 0718-2376
SEQUEIRA, Carla. A Região Vinhateira do Alto Douro, entre o livre-cambismo e o proteccionismo. Universum [online]. 2006, vol.21, n.2, pp. 138-146. ISSN 0718-2376. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-23762006000200009.
In 1865, the State established a free-trade policy regarding the Upper Douro wine-growing region, which had benefited from a protectionist regime since its demarcation, in the second half of the 18th century. This new reality, together with the emergence of vine phylloxera and business competitors in which both internal and external frauds and counterfeits abounded, gave rise to a profound crisis. In view of this change in the economic and cultural scenario, successive protests arose, demanding the return to the protectionist regime of the Demarcated Douro Region, clashing directly with the interests of other socio-economic groups, particularly viticulturists in the South and groups associated to cereal farming, which were closer to the central authority and exerted great pressure upon the State
Palabras clave : Demarcated Douro Region; Port wine; Denomination of origin; State intervention; Social movements.