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Universum (Talca)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2376

Resumen

BARRA PEZO, Bruno. Arriero en el partido del Maule (1700 - 1750). Universum [online]. 2006, vol.21, n.1, pp. 12-27. ISSN 0718-2376.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-23762006000100002.

This article talks about the mule driver of XVIII century in Chile kingdom, and especially at the Maule region. It draws a referential framework set up by the economic dynamic of the colonial transport in America. Particularly the route that passes through the central valley joins to Santiago and Concepción, as well as the connection of the different farms. The work consist in analyze compiled testaments through descriptive-statitistic methodology that let reach up a holistic vision of the cattle breeding fortune composition. From here it was detected different typologies of economic subjects in two decisive situations: big producers with no capability of transport and subjects with a great capability of transports with no productive capability. So it establishes the needing of transport as an autonomy economic capability at the zone, that is, the needing of the existence of the mule driver work, as well as it happened at the entire American colony. Then it searched to identify the subjects with a large capability of transport establishing a typology in big, small and domestic mule drivers. It describes the cattle breeding fortune composition of the different groups. Also it analyzes its incidence in the fortune of the zone approaching the hypothesis of its decisive role as soon as forming an incipient regional bourgeoisie

Palabras clave : Transport; routes; Mule drivers; Mules; Incipient bourgeoisie.

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