Revista chilena de literatura
versión ISSN 0718-2295
VEGA, Alejandra. EXPERIENCIAS DE CORDILLERA, ECOS DE FRÍO: RELATOS CRUZADOS ENTRE CHILE Y QUITO EN EL SIGLO XVI. Rev. chil. lit. [online]. 2011, n.80, pp. 223-242. ISSN 0718-2295. doi: 10.4067/S0718-22952011000300012.
In the Hispanic narrative of the conquest of Peru, we can identify two different yet related episodes: Pedro de Alvarado's journey to Quito in 1534 and the expedition to Chile commanded by Diego de Almagro in 1535-1536. This article discusses the echoes than can be pinpointed in the accounts of both experiences in a corpus of texts written or printed around 1550 (Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo, Francisco López de Gómara, Pedro Cieza de León and Agustín de Zárate). By tracing unexpected similarities and differences, this proposal discusses the importance of oral circulation of histories amongst Peruvian conquistadors. The features of conversation, as a social practice, allowed the register ofan early Christian conceptualization of the Tawantinsuyu territory. Here Quito and Chile became frontier marks of the conquered space, thus enabling a superposition of these places as they were characterized by a shared set of mountain-related images.
Palabras clave : oral memory; Andes; culture of conquest; Sixteenth Century.