Magallania (Punta Arenas)
versión On-line ISSN 0718-2244
SUBY, JORGE A y GUICHON, RICARDO A. LOS RESTOS ÓSEOS HUMANOS DE LA COLECCIÓN DE LA MISIÓN SALESIANA "LA CANDELARIA" (RÍO GRANDE, ARGENTINA). Magallania [online]. 2010, vol.38, n.2, pp.151-164. ISSN 0718-2244. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442010000200010.
The human bone remains collection of the Museum of the Salesian Mission of Rio Grande, as other Patagonian collections, is the result of donations and recoveries of skeletons made at different times by amateurs and personnel of the museum. This collection provides information about the variety of situations of human bone record in the region, despite the fact that no contextual references are available. Therefore, it is important to have information about its composition which could be contrasted with remains obtained from systematic excavations. In this context, the objective of this paper is to communicate the results from the study of the human bone remains collection of the antique Salesian mission "La Candelaria" (Rio Grande, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina). These results include some preventive conservation tasks, the identification of the elements, determination of minimum number of individuals, sex-age composition and identification of pathological lesions. In some cases it was possible to obtain information of the remains´ site of origin. The collection is composed by 14 boxes with 1088 human elements and 51 individuals, 43 of them are adults and 8 subadults. From a paleopathological point of view, the studies showed a predominance of degenerative joint diseases and revealed some cases of violence and social tension, scarcely reported in this region. The conservation of collections is an aspect which is not always included as part of research projects and that implies a potential source of information. Although the resolution of conservation problems is usually complex, the conservation of human bone collections is a central key to maintain this kind of record throughout time.
Palabras clave : human bone remains; Salesian Mission of Rio Grande; conservation; paleopathology.