versión On-line ISSN 0718-2228
DEL RIO, M. Francisca y BALLADARES, Jaime. Gender and Socioeconomic Status of Children: Pre-Service Teachers' Expectations. Psykhe [online]. 2010, vol.19, n.2, pp. 81-90. ISSN 0718-2228. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22282010000200008.
The effect of student gender and socioeconomic status (SES) on pre-service teachers' expectations of students was examined empirically. Participants were 108 pre-service teachers who read a scenario about a hypothetical student with academic and behavioral challenges. The gender and SES of the student were varied to create 4 conditions. Pre-service teachers perceived that low SES students have less promising futures and more negative personal characteristics, and demonstrated no differences about gender. Senior students had more optimistic expectations for low SES children than freshmen students did. Findings suggest that pre-service teachers are likely to develop negative expectations toward low SES students. These preconceived attitudes may help explain why teacher efficacy tends to be lower in economically disadvantaged schools.
Palabras llave : pre-service teachers; teacher efficacy; beliefs; expectations.