Revista de biología marina y oceanografía
versión ISSN 0718-1957
MATURANA, Claudia S et al. DNA barcoding of marine polychaetes species of southern Patagonian fjords. Rev. biol. mar. oceanogr. [online]. 2011, vol.46, n.1, pp. 35-42. ISSN 0718-1957. doi: 10.4067/S0718-19572011000100005.
Accurate species identification remains a basic first step in any study of biodiversity, particularly for global changes and their consequences. Thus, there is a pressing need for taxonomic expertise in a broad range of taxa. DNA barcoding has proved to be a powerful alternative method to traditional morphological approaches, allowing to complement identification techniques for living organisms. In this study, we assess intraspecific and interspecific genetic divergence among marine polychaetes from Patagonian fjords of southern Chile, using mitochondrial Cytochrome c Oxidase Subunit I (COI) gene. Our results showed that a total of 13 polychaetes species identified in this study exhibited high levels of interspecific variation among 31 analyzed sequences. Mean pairwise sequence distances comparisons based on K2P within species ranged from 0.2 to 0.4%. In contrast, interspecific comparisons were much higher and ranged between 18 to 47%, with the exception of the congeneric species Asychis chilensis and Asychis amphiglypta that showed high levels of genetic similarities and absence of reciprocal monophyly. This study presents the first information on DNA barcoding for polychaetes species in the southern Chile, and it establishes the effectiveness of DNA barcoding for identification of marine polychaetes species from Patagonian Fjords, thus making it available to a much broader range of scientists.
Palabras clave : Molecular taxonomy; Polychaeta; Cytochrome c Oxydase Subunit I; CIMAR-13 Fjords; Chile.