Revista de biología marina y oceanografía
versión On-line ISSN 0718-1957
GRIJALBA-BENDECK, Marcela; ACERO P, Arturo y GONZALEZ, Esperanza. Reproductive biology of Rhinobatos percellens (Walbaum, 1792)(Batoidea: Rajiformes) from the Colombian Caribbean. Rev. biol. mar. oceanogr. [online]. 2008, vol.43, n.3, pp. 469-481. ISSN 0718-1957. doi: 10.4067/S0718-19572008000300006.
The reproductive condition of 172 guitarfish Rhinobatos percellens was evaluated in animals incidentally captured in the captures of chinchorro playero between August 2005 and October 2006 at Salguero beach on Santa Marta, Colombia. To understand the reproductive cycle and how it is influenced by the environmental conditions, the reproductive systems were described. The guitarfish is a viviparous matrotrophic ray, with compound ovaries. Four ovarian developmental stages and nine espermatogenic phases of compound testis were observed. The vitellogenetic development was simultaneous to embryonic growth, with an active reproductive (matting, births, gestation) period between October and April, and a reduction in activity from May to September when embryos stop their growth. North hemisphere rhinobatids show an inverse cycle. Guitarfish females produced between two and four embryos with a gestation period of ten months from April to December; maternal size did not have any relation with embryo length and number. Biological indexes (gonadosomatic, hepatosomatic and condition factor) did not show clear time tendencies in relation to reproductive dynamics; they must be analyzed altogether with environmental condition and food availability.
Palabras clave : Rhinobatidae; guitarfish; bioecology; gonadal structure; Colombia.