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Estudios atacameños

versão On-line ISSN 0718-1043

Resumo

LACOSTE, Pablo  e  ARANDA, Marcela. AFRICAN AMERICANS AS COFOUNDERS OF THE VITICULTURE OF ARGENTINA AND CHILE. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2016, n.53, pp.117-134.  Epub 15-Nov-2016. ISSN 0718-1043.

The paper examines the role ofAfricans and their descendants in the wine industry in Argentina and Chile since the mid 17TH century until the beginning ofthe 19th. It is detected that thisgroup played a relevant contribution to this activity by collaborating with the cultivation of the vine, the production ofwine and brandy, packing transportation and marketing. They also stressed in innovation, particularly in the diversification ofthe regional wine-growing heritage, and the production oftypicalproducts, such as the first Chilean pisco. The paper compares the work of these groups in the vineyards of Chile andArgentina with the role thatfit them into otherAmerican territories, especially Peru. The study is based on unpublished original documents of notarial andjudicialfunds ofMendoza, San Juan, La Serena, Santiago, San Felipe, San Fernando and Cauquenes, together with records of the Jesuits.

Palavras-chave : Africans and their descendants; colonial wine industry; Chile and Argentina viticulture.

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