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 número53ESPACIALIDAD LOCAL E INKA EN EL VALLE CALCHAQUÍ NORTE (SALTA, ARGENTINA): REEVALUANDO EL ALCANCE DE LA INTERVENCIÓN IMPERIAL EN LA PAYATRANSFORMACIÓN Y RESIGNIFICACIÓN DE LA PARAFERNALIA ALUCINÓGENA PREHISPÁNICA EN ATACAMA A LA LUZ DE UN DOCUMENTO DEL SIGLO XVII índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Estudios atacameños

versão On-line ISSN 0718-1043

Resumo

ARRIETA, Mario A; BERNARDI, Lila; BORDACH, María de la Asunción  e  MENDONCA, Osvaldo J. Violencia Interpersonal en el Noroeste Argentino Prehistórico: Expresiones regionales, Socioculturales y Cronológicas. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2016, n.53, pp.75-92.  Epub 29-Nov-2016. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432016005000019.

The osteological analysis of injuries attributable to violence is a valuable tool for the study of conflict among peoples from the past. In order to contribute to the knowledge of such expressions, patterns of injuries attributable to violence found in complete skeletons (130 individuals over 15 years of age) from five different sites from northwest Argentina (NOA) are analyzed, discussed and interpreted. The osteo-logical evidence and associated materials correspond to four different sociocultural series: Lower Formative, Regional Developments, Inca and Hispanic-Indigenous I. The results show the existence of violence throughout the entire sociocultural sequence here represented. Although a higher prevalence of affected individuals was observed in the Hispanic-Indigenous I series (6/35, 17.14 %), compared to the others (Lower Formative: 1/13, 7.69 % and Regional Developments / Inca: 7/82, 8.54 %), such differences were not statistically significant. We conclude that violence is demonstrated in the region at least since the Lower Formative period, and continues until the Hispano-Indigenous I period. Among the possible causes that led to the registered violence, the existence of intra and inter-group conflicts is considered.

Palavras-chave : bioarchaeology; traumatic injuries; sociocultural sequences; northwest Argentina.

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