versión On-line ISSN 0718-1043
HORTA T, Helena. Iconografía del Formativo Tardío del norte de Chile: Propuesta de definición e interpretación basada en imágenes textiles y otros medios. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2004, n.27, pp.45-76. ISSN 0718-1043. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432004002700003.
This paper attempts an iconographic analysis of the Formative Period in northern Chile (ca. 1300 BC to AD 600), drawing primarily on images found in textiles, but also on images depicted in rock art, geoglyphs, gold laminae and basketry. This enables to attempt a definition of elements belonging to the Formative iconographic universe, beyond the strict limits of the textile field. The large body of images we have assembles provides visual information that is sufficiently solid to: a) outline the existence of an iconographic horizon characteristic of the late phase of the Formative; b) define its constituent elements, and; c) connect it to south-Peruvian and altiplano developments. The Frontal Figure with Radiate Head is one of the iconographic themes we consider for the Late Formative, as an icon with specific and well-defined attributes. These suggest it might well be a local manifestation (i. e. Valles Occidentales and the Circumpuna subareas) of the classic central iconographic theme of the Pukara, Tiwanaku and Wari cultures of the High Andes: the "Front-facing Staff-bearing Deity".
Palabras clave : iconography; Formative Period; prehispanic textiles; Frontal Figure with Radiate Head.