versión On-line ISSN 0718-1043
ARAVENA R, Andrea. El rol de la memoria colectiva y de la memoria individual en la conversión identitaria mapuche. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2003, n.26, pp. 89-96. ISSN 0718-1043. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432003002600010.
As a result of research undertaken among the Mapuche community residing in Santiago city, this paper analyses the role that collective memory has in the reconstruction of urban Mapuche identity. Although sharing aspects in common, the urban experience of thousands of Mapuche is divided into multiple fragments along the lines of gender, age, origin -rural or urban-, the family's ethnic origin, the context of arrival to Santiago -family or work-, the place of residence, differences of creed and socio-economic positions. While their memories are multiple and diverse, this does not preclude the existence of a collective memory expressed in claims to -and beliefs in- a common origin, in the idealization of a past that both makes them different and shows them through the future, as well as in the permanent recalling of community life as a way to get closer to what they remember as being properly Mapuche.
Palabras clave : ethnic identity; collective memories; memory-place; urban indigenous.