versión On-line ISSN 0718-1043
MANRIQUEZ S, Viviana y SANCHEZ, Sandra. Memorias de la sangre, memorias de la tierra: Pertenencia, identidad y memoria entre los indigenas del noroeste argentino, Atacama y Chile Central durante el periodo colonial. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2003, n.26, pp. 45-60. ISSN 0718-1043. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432003002600006.
This papers takes on the theme by which diverse uses and forms of indigenous memory feed notions of belonging and identity, through the analysis of a few examples taken from indigenous populations in three colonial spaces: Tilcara-Omaguaca in Noroeste Argentino; Atacama (in the North of Chile), and Chile Central. We have called these uses and forms of memory "memories of the blood" and "memories of the land". We explore their contribution to the construction of local or "microscopic" identities, as expressed in the fundamental role kin connections play in the relationships between space, territory and identity, as illustrated by the local terms of belonging by which each group designates its members, in the existence of a distinct language, time measuring systems based on their productive rhythms, as well as through the practice of characteristic rituals and beliefs. In these "paths of collective memory", we consider, finally, the construction of contents and codes that are creatively elaborated and passed over to the members of the group, along with a sense of belonging and identity
Palabras clave : memory; identities; indigenous peoples; Noroeste Argentino; Atacama; Chile Central.