Revista de ciencia política (Santiago)
versión On-line ISSN 0718-090X
VILLARREAL F, EVELYN y GOMEZ A, STEFFAN. Costa Rica: Facing the International Crisis in an Electoral Year. Rev. cienc. polít. (Santiago) [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.2, pp. 275-296. ISSN 0718-090X. doi: 10.4067/S0718-090X2010000200006.
The political dynamic of Costa Rica in 2009 was focused on three main areas: the impact of the international economic crisis, the discussion over electoral processes, in the lead up to national elections in February 2010 and the follow-ups and new corruption scandals of high authorities. Firstly, the government was primarily focused on the implementation of the 'Anti-crisis' Plan, but was also called upon to direct important efforts in response to unforeseen events, such as the emergency aftermath of the earthquake of 8 January, the AlH1 swine flu pandemic, and in the second half of the year, the request made of President Oscar Arias, to intervene as a mediator in the Honduran crisis. Second, in the elections of February 2010, and under the new Electoral Code, the candidate for the PLN, the party of government, was duly elected President of the Republic with a popular vote of46.9 percent. Por the first time in the country's history, the presidency is held by a woman. Finally, in the area of accountability, in the midst of the electoral campaign, new scandals continued to envelop public servants, including the misuse of state institutions helicopters and planes for personal matters. Of particular note is the culmination of the first judicial process against the Ex-President Rafael Ángel Calderón, who was condemned to five years in prison by a Criminal Court.
Palabras clave : Costa Rica; election; economic crisis; Legislative and Executive relations; socioeconomic indicators; corruption scandals; accountability.