Revista de ciencia política (Santiago)
versão On-line ISSN 0718-090X
GUEVARA MANN, CARLOS. SISTEMAS ELECTORALES Y ESTILOS DE CAMPAÑA: LOS DIPUTADOS PANAMEÑOS Y EL VOTO PERSONALISTA. Rev. cienc. polít. (Santiago) [online]. 2006, vol.26, n.2, pp. 209-230. ISSN 0718-090X. doi: 10.4067/S0718-090X2006000200012.
The method for electing Panamanian deputies is not well known in academic circles and its effects have been insufficiently studied. The Panamanian Constitution establishes "the principle of proportional representation". In the distribution of remainders in multi-member districts, have given the system a predominantly majoritarian character. In conjunction with these features, the open-list system utilized in the first two allocation stages in multi-member districts contributes to promote the personal vote over partisan, ideological, or programmatic appeals. As argued in this paper, the effects of Panama's electoral system coincide with the theoretical predictions about the effects of electoral systems generally in congressional or parliamentary campaigns
Palavras-chave : Panamá; Sistemas mayoritarios; Representación proporcional; Lista abierta; Voto personalista.