Revista de ciencia política (Santiago)
versión On-line ISSN 0718-090X
ALCANTARA SAEZ, Manuel y LUNA, Juan Pablo. Ideología y competencia partidaria en dos post-transiciones: Chile y Uruguay en perspectiva comparada. Rev. cienc. polít. (Santiago) [online]. 2004, vol.24, n.1, pp.128-168. ISSN 0718-090X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-090X2004000100006.
This paper presents a first attempt to compare the ideological profiles of Chilean and Uruguayan parties in order to describe the patterns of party-competition that characterize both systems. Drawing on survey responses offered by legislators and on the basis of a factor analysis strategy we construct three cross-national ideological axes: authoritarian-democratic, state-market, religious/conservative-secular/liberal, on which each party is then positioned. Through the analysis of standard deviations we also seek to measure the internal coherence of parties. Although we find that both party systems are ideologically well structured -at least at the elite level-, we also find that the salience of each axis and the patterns of partisan competition vary significantly across systems in a way that is predictable through a path-dependent analysis of their long-term characteristics and transitional legacies
Palabras clave : Estructuración Ideológica; Competencia Partidaria; ; Coherencia Partidaria; Clivajes; Análisis Factorial.