versión On-line ISSN 0718-0764
ROMANO-APORTELA, Pedro; SALAZAR-PEREYRA, Martín; LOZANO-MORA, Claudia y LUGO-LEYTE, Raúl. Methodology for the Quantization of Yang-Mills Fields. Inf. tecnol. [online]. 2011, vol.22, n.5, pp. 91-106. ISSN 0718-0764. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-07642011000500012.
The electromagnetic and weak nuclear interactions are analyzed using the fundamental principle of symmetry in abstract spaces named theory of Yang-Mills fields, also known as gauge fields, and Higgs's mechanism. Gauge fields are mediators of interactions, whose scope is determined directly by the mass. For this reason, gauge fields are joined with the Higgs mechanism that generates mass to the interaction carriers, maintaining the invariant theory under a gauge transformation. This is achieved through spontaneous symmetry breaking to finally applying this methodology in order to unify the theories of interactions considering the Weinberg-Salam standard model.
Palabras clave : gauge fields; Yang-Mills fields; Higgs bosons; Goldstone bosons; spontaneous symmetry breaking.