Estudios pedagógicos (Valdivia)
versión On-line ISSN 0718-0705
MADERO, Ignacio. Inclusion and exclusion of gender and class within the chilean school in 4 communes of southern Chile. Estud. pedagóg. [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.2, pp. 135-145. ISSN 0718-0705. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-07052011000200008.
The academic performance measured each year by SIMCE shows that results differ depending on various social attributes. Most studies on this topic show the relevance of social class. This research extends the analysis of class to another form of social stratification such as gender, as both categories have an impact on students' skills and educational abilities which are formally included in the educational field. We conclude that, in the sites surveyed, inequality of educational privileges has perpetuated under these two variables, evidencing an educational system which discriminates primarily against girls in conditions of greater social vulnerability.
Palabras clave : educational system; gender; social class; cultural capital; educational performance.