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Atenea (Concepción)

versão On-line ISSN 0718-0462

Resumo

ROJAS, Darío. LEXICAL POLYSEMY ACCORDING TO CHILEAN NINETEENTH CENTURY GRAMMARIANS AND LEXICOGRAPHERS: LINGUISTIC ATTITUDES AND IDEOLOGIES. Atenea (Concepc.) [online]. 2017, n.515, pp.189-202. ISSN 0718-0462.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-04622017000100189.

This paper analyzes the attitudes towards lexical polysemy in the works of Chilean Spanish-speaking grammarians and lexicographers from the 19th century. The atti tudes are mainly negative: the authors consider that words should have only one meaning (the "proper" meaning). Such a belief can be best understood within the frame of standard language ideology. As this language ideology aims for reduction of variation, semasiological variation (i.e., polysemy) becomes the subject of negative evaluation, which also undermines the communicative function of language. Moreover, we under line the political motivations of such ideology and attitudes towards polysemy: linguis tic standardization is part of the consolidation process of the national Chilean State.

Palavras-chave : Polysemy; language ideologies; language attitudes; linguistic historiography; Chilean language studies.

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