version ISSN 0718-0462
FUENTES, Pablo and PEREZ, Leonel. The formation of Metropolitan Concepción through its large residential complexes: Contributions of modern urbanism. Atenea (Concepc.) [online]. 2012, n.505, pp. 33-78. ISSN 0718-0462. doi: 10.4067/S0718-04622012000100003.
The consolidation of the zone as an industrial area of strategic national importance had as one of its principle spatial consequences the construction of an important number of residential complexes developed in response to the installation of diverse industrial enclaves and, consequently, led to the configuration of the territory that is now known as the Metropolitan Area of Concepción. The cities involved in this process became privileged zones for the establishment of workers and employees of the industrial sector. This study shows how the process of metropolitan organization was expressed in the configuration of 4 urban axes that converge on the city of Concepción and the transformation of the city into a fifth axis at the center of the system. These axes of transportation linked an important number of residential complexes during the 20th century. The principle results show that these groupings proposed a new reading of public space in which the main outcome was the disappearance of the traditional street corridor and the appearance of new green spaces as the articulators of the complexes. This housing organization, based on the principles of modern architecture and urban planning, would come to be characteristic of the Metropolitan Area of Concepción in the 1970’s.
Keywords : Residential complexes; modern architecture; institutional urbanism.