Ius et Praxis
versión On-line ISSN 0718-0012
PAUL DIAZ, Álvaro. Status of the unborn in the American convención: an interpretive exercise. Ius et Praxis [online]. 2012, vol.18, n.1, pp. 61-112. ISSN 0718-0012. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-00122012000100004.
This study interprets the ambiguous Article 4(1) of the American Convention on Human Rights, which establishes that life shall be protected "in general, from the moment of conception". When doing so, it pays attention to different interpretive systems, and takes into account what is recorded in the travaux préparatoires of the Convention. Likewise, this study analyzes what the Inter-American Commission has determined on this issue, and assesses the value of those decisions. This article concludes that, even though one of the possible interpretations of the American Convention affirms that it would tolerate domestic legislations providing for abortion in exceptional circumstances, it declares the unborn's personhood.
Palabras clave : American Convention on Human Rights; Abortion; Inter-American Court of Human Rights.