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Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9707
COPAJA, SYLVIA V; BRAVO, HÉCTOR R y MUNOZ, PAOLA. ADSORPTION OF FUNGICIDES IN CHILEAN SOILS INCUBATED WITH BIOSOLIDS. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2012, vol.57, n.2, pp.1091-1094. ISSN 0717-9707. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072012000200006.
The efficiency of the adsorption process of the fungicides Captan and Thiram was studied in four Chilean soils from the VI [O'Higgins, (HGS)], VII [Talcarehue, (THL)], VIII [Diguillin, (DIG)] and Metropolitan [Maipo, (MAO)] regions of Chile. Changes in the efficiency of adsorption when the natural soils were incubated with biosolids were analyzed. The values of parameters Kf and n from the Freundlich equation indicated an increase in the adsorption of fungicides incubated with biosolids (1% and 10%) with respect to natural soil. A high Kf value (12.1) for DIG-Thiram and a lower Kf value (4.3) for MAO-Captan interaction were observed for natural soils, while in soils incubated with biosolids (10%) the greatest value was (20.3) for DIG-Thiram and the lowest Kf value (10.2) for MAO-Captan. In general the high Kf values for Captan and Thiram were correlated with organic carbon content in the natural and incubated soils, except for the interaction THL-Thiram, in which inorganic compounds of soils (clay) were dominant. The distribution constant between solid-liquid phases (Kd) increased in soils incubated with biosolids; the magnitude of this constant was more significant with Thiram. The same behavior was observed for the constant related to organic carbon constants (Koc). The results of this work confirm that amending soils with biosolids is beneficial for immobilizing fungicides and helps prevent the percolation of Captan and Thiram through the soil profile and into groundwater.
Palabras clave : soil; fungicide; biosolids; HPLC; Captan; Thiram.