Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9707
STRZALKA, KAZIMIERZ; SZYMANSKA, RENATA y SUWALSKY, MARIO. PRENYLLIPIDS AND PIGMENTS CONTENT IN SELECTED ANTARCTIC LICHENS AND MOSSES. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2011, vol.56, n.3, pp. 808-811. ISSN 0717-9707. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072011000300019.
The content and relative composition of tocopherols, plastochromanol, plastoquinone and pigments in fifteen Antarctic species (five mosses and ten lichens) were analyzed by HPLC. Total tocopherols in mosses ranged from 90 mg/g (Warnstrofia sarmentosa) to 220 mg/g (Syntrichia magellanica), while in lichens it ranged from 0.89 mg/g in Caloplaca sp. to 45 mg/g in Placopsis contortuplicata. With the exception of Ochrolechia frigida, in all other mosses and lichens species, a-tocopherol accounted for more than 90% of total tocopherols. Plastochromanol was detected in four mosses and two lichen species; the highest level was found in Polytrichastrum alpinum (19.1 mg/g). The highest content of plastoquinone-9 (PQ-9) in mosses was found in Bryum pseudotriquetrum (42.6 mg/g), whereas in lichens it was 24.5 mg/g in Stereocaulon alpinum, and 23.17 mg/g in Umbilicaria antarctica. Pigment composition in mosses was typical for higher plants. Some lichen species lacked chlorophyll b, violaxanthin and β-carotene. Based on these results it is suggested that tocochromanols and carotenoid pigments are involved in the protection of mosses and lichens against the oxidative stress caused by the extreme Antarctic conditions.
Palabras clave : Antarctica; lichens; mosses; pigments; tocopherols; plastochromanol; plastoquinone.