Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9707
GOMEZ-CUASPUD, J. A; VALENCIA-RIOS, J. S y CARDA-CASTELLO, J. B. PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PEROVSKITE OXIDES BY POLYMERIZATION-COMBUSTION. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2010, vol.55, n.4, pp. 445-449. ISSN 0717-9707. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072010000400007.
This paper describes the preparation of La075Sr0 25Cr02Fe08O3 perovskite oxide, using a polymerization-combustion route, to obtain materials for potential applications like electrodes in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). For such purpose, initially the solid precursor was characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy and thermal analysis (TGA-DTA), showing the obtention of polymeric citrate precursors. The thermal analysis (TGA-DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), provides information about the formation of a perovskite phase, while the texture, relief and roughness found are characteristic of the method of synthesis used. The size of crystallites, calculated using the Scherrer calculator software and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), confirmed the presence of nanometric crystallites (< 41.0 nm), whereas the chemical composition and crystallographic structure, indicating a high correlation with respect to proposed system, which was confirmed by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Finally the electrical characterization by impedance spectroscopy (IS), determined the capacitance and resistance of the system in order to provide information related to the concentration of charge carriers and the diffusion rate of ions in the material a high conductivity values, related to semiconductor behavior for potential applications.
Palabras clave : anodes; citrate; coordination compounds; perovskite.