Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9707
BENITES, JULIO et al. COMPOSITION AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF PERUVIAN LANTANA CAMARA. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2009, vol.54, n.4, pp. 379-384. ISSN 0717-9707. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072009000400012.
The composition of the essential oil from Pantana cámara L. (Verbenaceae) obtained by hydrodistillation of the aerial parts was examined by GC, GC/ MS, and 13C-NMR. The GC analysis showed that carvone is the most abundant monoterpene 75.9%, together with limonene 16.9%, accounting for 92.8% of the oil. The major components were also tested by "C-NMR analysis of the essential oil. The L. cámara oil was assayed against several microorganisms, showing moderate antibacterial activity against the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus (MIC 200 µg/ml). High antioxidant activity evaluated by the Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity assay (TEAC) was found (29.0 mmol Trolox/kg) and relative low anti-inflammatory activity due to its weak ability for inhibiting lipoxygenase (IC50 = 81.5 µg/ml).
Palabras clave : Antibacterial; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; carvone; 13C-NMR; essential oil composition; GC-MS; Pantana cámara; limonene; Verbenaceae.