Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9707
TAPIA, J et al. STUDY OF THE COPPER, CHROMIUM AND LEAD CONTENT IN MUGIL CEPHALUS AND ELEGINOPS MACLOVINUS OBTAINED IN THE MOUTHS OF THE MAULE AND MATAQUITO RTVERS (MAULE REGION, CHILE). J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2009, vol.54, n.1, pp.36-39. ISSN 0717-9707. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072009000100008.
The Cu, Cr and Pb concentrations were determined in Mugil cephalus and Eleginops maclovinus, fish species inhabiting the mouths of the Maule and Mataquito Rivers (Maule Región, Chile) which are consumed by the coastal population in large quantities. Measurements were taken by fíame atomic absorption spectroscopy to analyse representative muscle tissue of the two species. The method was validated using certified reference material (DOLT-1). The concentration ranges of Cu, Cr and Pb (mg· kg-1, dry weight) mMugil cephalus from the Maule river were: Cu 0.5-36.2; Cr 0.3-6.3; Pb 0.4-11.2 and from the Mataquito river varied between: Cu 0.6-23.2; Cr 0.3-6.0 and Pb 0.4-11.1. Forthe species Eleginops maclovinus from the Maule river the concentration ranges were: Cu 0.8-13.2; Cr 0.2-5.6; Pb 0.2-9.6 and from the Mataquito river: Cu 0.5-18.4; Cr 0.2-3.2 and Pb 0.3-4.0. The concentration ranges of Cu and Cr recorded inthe two species of fish are within the levels permitted by FAO and EP A, however the concentrations of Pb in Mugil cephalus originating from both estuaries exceeds the levels permitted by current legislation. The statistical analysis done with one way ANOVA (p < 0.05) indicated that for each metal there are no significant differences between the species and the two sampling sites; however with two way ANOVA between the species and the two sampling sites a significant difference was found for Cu and Cr, but not for Pb.
Palabras clave : Heavy metals; Fish; Atomic absorption spectrometry; Maule - Mataquito Rivers.