Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9707
LAM, ELIZABETH J; ALVAREZ, MIGUEL N.; GALVEZ, MARÍA E. y ALVAREZ, EDUARDO B.. A MODEL FOR CALCULATING THE DENSITY OF AQUEOUS MULTICOMPONENT ELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2008, vol.53, n.1, pp. 1393-1398. ISSN 0717-9707. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072008000100015.
A method is presented for calculating the densities of simple and multicomponent aqueous saline solutions. A total of 38 parameters were obtained for anions and cations which allowed predicting their density in aqueous solution. The proposed method is based on the model of Hórsak and Slama1 applicable to simple 1:1 aqueous electrolyte solutions which in the present study was extended to multicomponent systems and for any type of salt. Seventeen aqueous systems containing 2, 3, and 4 salts were studied, obtaining excellent results when compared with the experimental values. The total relative mean standard deviation obtained was 0.08 %. The proposed method used adjustable parameters, which are obtained beginning from experimental data from systems containing a single salt. Two parameters are required for each ion present in the aqueous solution
Palabras clave : Density; multicomponent systems; aqueous solutions; electrolytes.