Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society
versão On-line ISSN 0717-9707
ZAMBRANO, M; PARODI, V; BAEZA, J e VIDAL, G. ACIDS SOILS PH AND NUTRIENT IMPROVEMENT WHEN AMENDED WITH INORGANIC SOLID WASTES FROM KRAFT MILL. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2007, vol.52, n.2, pp. 1169-1172. ISSN 0717-9707. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072007000200011.
Kraft mill generates a large amount of dregs (D) and grits (G) as solid wastes due to the causticizing process. The disposal of these wastes is expensive in terms of land requirement and maintenance. On the other hand, solid wastes have alkalinity and buffer properties, which make them appropriate for use as amendments to acidic soils. The goal of this work was to determine the physical, chemical, toxicity and hazardousness characteristics of D & G. Additionally, the effect on acidic soils physical properties after mixing with these wastes as well as potential leach properties were evaluated. Hazardousness (inflammability, reactivity, corrosivity) and toxicity (due to inorganic compounds) assays on D & G indicated that their values are below the EPA Standard. Additionally, physicochemical characterization (pH (12.76), Ca (26.5%), Mg (1.5%), P (0.28%) and K (0.20%)) confirms their potential use in degraded solids. To study the amended soils leaches, the behavior of a series of columns with acid soils and D&G (1:1) at rates of 2 and 6 g kg-1 was evaluated during 86 d. The physicochemical characteristics of the amended soils were improved by D&G incorporation
Palavras-chave : Acid soils; Dregs; Grits; Industrial wastes.