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Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society

versão On-line ISSN 0717-9707

Resumo

AIZMAN, Arie  e  CONTRERAS, Renato. BACK TO BASICS: MODERN REACTIVITY CONCEPTS WITHIN THE HMO THEORY FRAMEWORK è... J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2004, vol.49, n.2, pp.107-111. ISSN 0717-9707.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072004000200001.

We describe how modern concepts of chemical reactivity and selectivity, defined as response functions in the conceptual density functional theory (DFT), may be implemented within a simple Huckel Molecular Orbital (HMO) formalism. Concepts like electrophilicity may be easily explained using the electronic chemical potential. Intramolecular and intermolecular selectivity may in turn be conveniently described by the Fukui function, which is formulated in terms of single coefficients of the frontier molecular orbitals within the HMO frame. The conceptual value obtained by merging a powerful formalism based on response functions with a simple model of electronic structure is the transparent interpretation of modern concepts of reactivity in terms of classical chemical quantities. The model is illustrated for the reactivity and intermolecular selectivity of Diels-Alder reactions

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