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Ciencia y enfermería

versão On-line ISSN 0717-9553

Resumo

GUZMAN ORTIZ, Elizabeth  e  SALAZAR GONZALEZ, Berta Cecilia. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEVEL OF PERIPHERAL SENSITIVITY, OBESITY AND GAIT AND BALANCE PARAMETERS IN OLDER ADULTS WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES. Cienc. enferm. [online]. 2016, vol.22, n.3, pp.25-34. ISSN 0717-9553.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95532016000300025.

Objective:

To determine the relationship between feet sensitivity, body mass index (BMI), and gait and balance parameters in older adults between 65 and 75 years of age.

Material and methods:

A descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional study with a sample of 119 older adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (DT2). The following measurements were applied: the GAITRite® Electronic Walkway system for gait parameters, the Short Physical Performance Battery for balance, the Semmes-Weinstein monofilament examination, the North Coast Medical test using 10 grams for foot sensitivity and anthropometric measurements for BMI. A statistical analysis with non-parametric tests was performed.

Results:

Significant differences were found in speed, step length, stride length and balance between older adults who had decreased and normal sensitivity.

Conclusion:

Less foot sensitivity and a higher BMI are associated with a greater impairment reflected by the walking and balance parameters in older adults aged 65 to 75 with DT2.

Palavras-chave : Elderly; diabetes mellitus type 2; gait; postural balance.

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