International Journal of Morphology
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502
CAAMANO, José M et al. Effect of Five Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ABCG5 and ABCG8 Genes on Ezetimibe Lipid-Lowering Response. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp. 688-695. ISSN 0717-9502. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022012000200055.
In this study we evaluated the possible association between five single nucleotide polymorphisms in ABCG5 (rs6720173) and ABCG8 (rs11887534, rs4148211, rs4148217 and rs6544718) genes and ezetimibe response in Chilean hypercholesterolemic subjects. A total of 60 non-related hypercholesterolemic subjects, aged 18 to 65 years old were included in this study. These subjects were treated with ezetimibe (10mg/day) during one month. The ABCG5 and ABCG8 genotypes were assessed by PCR-RFLP. The genotype distribution of the ABCG5/ABCG8 polymorphisms was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Our results showed that the investigated polymorphisms were not associated with the response to ezetimibe. Nevertheless, the T allele of rs6544718 polymorphism was related to higher baseline levels of LDL-cholesterol (p<0.001). In addition, the G allele for the rs4148211 polymorphism was associated with greater baseline concentrations of triglycerides (P=0.019). This allele was also associated with lower concentrations of HDL-cholesterol (P=0.027), after ezetimibe treatment. Our results suggest that the studied polymorphisms do not affect the therapeutic response to ezetimibe in the evaluated subjects.
Palabras clave : Ezetimibe; Cholesterol; ABCG5/G8; Polymorphisms.