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International Journal of Morphology
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502
BAHAMONDES AVILA, Carlos; CIFUENTES CEA, Bernarda Macarena; LARA PADILLA, Eleazar y BERRAL DE LA ROSA, Francisco José. Body Composition and Somatotype in Women's Football: South American Championship Sub-17. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp.450-460. ISSN 0717-9502. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022012000200016.
In order to analyze body composition and somatotype in women selected to participate in the national soccer teams, we studied 28 women, 19 selected from Columbia and 9 from Paraguay, with an average of 16.2 ± 0.66 years of age, participating in the South American Championship Sub 17 - Chile 2008, a qualifying event for the FIFA World Cup first category, New Zealand 2008. The evaluation followed the protocol established by the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry - ISAK. We determined the classification of total body mass in five types according to Kerr. To establish the somatotype the model proposed by Heath & Carter was used. Regarding body mass, the average kg and% of MA, MM and MO was 18.56 kg-33.28%; 21.80 kg-39.31%; 6.20 kg-11.18%. The classification of somatotype was endomorph-mesomorph, where there is an equal dominance of adiposity and muscularity on the relative linearity. The SDD of SM indicates no significant differences (p<0.05) exists among the different positions of the players, and the SDI suggests that the total group of evaluated players is homogeneous.
Palabras clave : Soccer; Anthropometry; Muscle performance; Muscle-bone ratio; Biotype.