International Journal of Morphology
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502
RAPOSO, Araceli; MONSALVES, María José; ARAVENA, Paola y SANHUEZA, Antonio. Prevalence of Oral Mucosal Lesions at the Hernán Henríquez Aravena Hospital of Temuco. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.2, pp. 622-627. ISSN 0717-9502. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022011000200054.
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions at the Hernan Henríquez Aravena Hospital in the city of Temuco Chile. Method: The sample consisted of 300 patients aged over 20 years, examined in the same hospital (confidence interval 95%). Results: The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions was 66%. The most prevalent lesions were; Fordyce granules (30%), atrophic candidiasis (14.33%), oral melanotic macule (13.67%), oral mucosal varicosities (7.33%), physiological pigmentation (6%), nevus (4%), ephelis (3.33%), traumatic ulcers (4%), leukoplakia (3%) and angular cheilitis (2.68%). A direct ratio was found between increased age and the presence of atrophic candidiasis, traumatic ulcers and oral mucoral varicosities, this association being statistically significant. It may be concluded that there is a high prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in the adult population of the sample and that the quantity of lesions increases with age (atrophic candidiasis, traumatic ulcers and mucosal varicosities), making it necessary to intensify their early diagnosis and timely treatment.
Palabras clave : Prevalence; Epidemiology; Oral pathology; Mouth mucosa.