International Journal of Morphology
version ISSN 0717-9502
ALVAREZ SAN MARTIN, Raúl and VELUTINI KOCHEN, José Antonio. Anatomy of the Human Femoral Head: Orthopedic Issues, Part II. Biomechanics and Microscopic Morphology. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.2, pp. 371-376. ISSN 0717-9502. doi: 10.4067/S0717-95022011000200010.
The microscopic structure and biomechanical interactions and characteristics of the femoral head are issues that have been used as scientific support for the understanding of the pathology that affects the hip joint and also for the development of joint replacement implants and bone reconstruction techniques. The aim of this review is to expose the morphological microscopic and biomechanical characteristics of the femoral head in relation to the proximal femur, in order to describe the functional and anatomical aspects, which have made of this structure one of the most important anatomical areas in orthopedic surgery.
Keywords : Femoral head; Proximal femur; Microstructure; Biomechanics; Orthopedics.