International Journal of Morphology
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502
BAZALDUA CRUZ, Juan José et al. Morphometric Study of Cervical Vertebrae C3-C7 in a Population from Northeastern Mexico. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.2, pp. 325-330. ISSN 0717-9502. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022011000200003.
Knowing the dimensions of the vertebral elements is very important for the development of instrumentation related to the cervical spine. Ethnic variations have been reported in these dimensions and, to date, there have been no morphometric studies of this area performed on the Mexican population. We conducted a morphometric study of 150 cervical vertebrae (C3-C7) obtained from a northeastern Mexican population to determine the dimensions of the bodies, pedicles, laminae, spinous processes, and superior and inferior articular processes. We did not find significant differences (p<0.05) in measurements taken of the left and right sides. The dimensions of the vertebral bodies were larger at lower levels. The pedicles of the C3 vertebra were larger in all dimensions compared to the other vertebrae. The largest height of the laminae was observed at C7 and the largest transverse length was observed at C5. The dimensions of the bodies, spinous processes, and laminae increased from C3-C7, whereas the dimensions of the pedicles and superior and inferior articular process height decreased toward the lower cervical levels.
Palabras clave : Cervical vertebrae; Pedicle; Morphology.